Jain Basadis, Historical Jain Temples, Lakshmeshwara, District Gadag, Karnataka, India
-Lakshmeshwara, District Gadag, Karnataka 582116
-Jainism related to Lakshmeshwara has long history.
- At Lakshmeshwara, during the period of Kirtivarma II, the Jinalaya built by Kumkuma Mahadevi.
- Kalyani Chalukyas most important Jinalayas Brahma Jinalaya at Lakkundi, Charantimatha at Aihole and Sankha Jinalya at Lakshmeswar. The Sankha Jinalaya at Lakshmeshwara is dedicated to Neminatha (as per many inscriptions this was an important Jinalaya). Sendraka Durgashakti, a feudatory of Pulakeshin II is said to have given gifts to this temple. An inscription of Vinayaditya (dated 686 A.D.) refers to a grant to Jain acharya of Devagana and mulasangha.
- Epigraph dated 729 A. D. of Vijayaditya mentions a grant to Niravadya Pandita who was to house pupil of Sri Pujyapada. Another inscription of Vikramaditya II (dated 734 A. D.) mentions gifts to Sweta Jinalaya.
- The Jaina monument of the Rashtrakuta period found Lakshmeshwar.
Lakshmeshwara is one of the ancient Jain centres. Many Jain temples are mentioned in the inscriptions.
Historical Jain temple at Lakshmeshwara, Karnataka
Newly built Jain temple at Lakshmeshwara, Karnataka
Of the two historical Jinalayaa at Lakshmeswar, the more famous is Sankha Jinalaya, also called Sahasrakuta Jinalaya, in the Basti Bana area. This takes back the history of Lakeshmeshwara to the 8th century; though the temple is in Chalukya style it has undergone many modifications and renovations.
Neminath (Shankha is the symbol of Neminath), the 22nd Jain thirthankara, is the presiding deity of this Jain Basadi.
Basadi, which consists of a Garbhagriha, a large Ardhamandapa, larger Mahamandapa and a Rangamandapa.
- The rangamandapa has three entrances (south, north and west). It has a chaturmukha structure in diminutive model, each of which carries three figures. it has a rekhanagara shikhara. The unique feature of this temple is the Sahasrakuta Jinabimba in minute form.
- There is a Manasthamba erected in front of the temple.
- There are ventilated walls in front of the temple, whereas yakshas and yakshis can be found in the other walls. There are many splendid carvings of dancers and musicians.
- Inside the temple one can find the rare monolithic piece of Sahasra Jinabimbas (SahastraKut Jinalay) and the idols of Dharnendra and Padmavathi.
- Many mutilated Jain idols can be found on the wall of a well nearby.
- Adikavi Pampa wrote Adi Purana, seated in this Basadi.
- Basadi is in ruins and renovated; it presents the interest of the Kalyani Chalukyas in Jain architecture.
The other Jinalaya there is a Trikuta dedicated to ‘Anantanatha.
Another Jain temple at Lakshmeshwara is the Ananthanatha Basadi, built in AD 1250, which is in the middle of the town. This Basadi is an example of the Chalukya style of architecture. The idol of Ananthanatha, one of the 24 Thirthankars, is installed in the sanctum sanctorum of the
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